Illustrious Brother McDonald Lawrence Burbidge, 33°
and Worshipful Brother Eric Andrew Meace, 32º K.C.C.H.
No one…could have been more honestly devoted to the studies in general, of
the Christian Ministry, than Rev. Frederick Dalcho or have been found more
willing so to surrender himself to it, as "to spend and be spent" in it's work…
In this office he served with great faithfulness to his church.
In the character of his preaching, there was a striking adherence to "the old
paths" of truth; and the essential doctrines of the gospel, as held in the
Church of which he was a Minister, was his fond and constant theme.
Affectionate, earnest, solemn, in exhortation and admonition, which were his
duty, he always observed the sobriety of a sound mind and a sound faith.
He was unusually well versed in the Scriptures, and had read extensively the
writings of most of the Divines of the Parent Church. He was familiar with
polemic theology, but not fond of controversies.
1770 October: Frederick Dalcho was born to John Frederick and
Euphemia Dalcho in the Borough of Holborn, London, in a parish known as St.
1779 August 26: Frederick Dalcho father passed
away on at the age of 58.
1787 May 23: Frederick Dalcho arrived at Baltimore, Maryland
on a sailing vessel "after a boisterous passage of 8 weeks on the sea from
London." He was 15 years of age and went to live with his father's sister
who was married to Dr. Wiesenthal. Under the guidance of Dr. Wiesenthal young
Frederick pursued his education.
1790 Dr. Dalcho received his medical degree from his Uncle
Wiesenthal's Medical School. His Uncle was also a Mason.
1792 April 9: Frederick Dalcho was appointed a
"Surgeon's Mate" in the Army. While stationed in Savannah, Georgia Dr. Dalcho
joined a Masonic Lodge believed to be Hyram Lodge No. 2, Ancient York Mason.
1794 April 17: Dr. Dalcho married Miss
Vanderlocht of Savannah, Georgia. The marriage was of brief duration as she died
on June 4, 1795.
May 2: Dr. Dalcho was appointed a Lieutenant of Artillery in the Army.
May 10: Dr. Dalcho was transferred to Fort Fidius located in Georgia on
the Oconee River.
1796 Dr. Dalcho was transferred from Savannah, Georgia to Fort
Johnson located in the Charleston harbor.
Dr. Dalcho resigned his commission to become a ship's surgeon to the
factoring firm of McClure and Company and made several trips to Africa while in
1797 Dr. Dalcho returned to the Army for an additional 15 months
1799 Dr. Dalcho left the sea and settled down to practice medicine
with his good friend Dr. Isaac Auld.
1800 Dr. Dalcho was a contributor to the "Medical Repository and
1801 May 31: Dr. Dalcho along with John Mitchell opened the
first Supreme Council of the Scottish Rite in America at Shepheard's Tavern
located at the corner of Broad and Church Street in Charleston, South Carolina.
Dr. Dalcho was elected to the office of Lt. Grand Commander and John Mitchell
was elected Sov. Grand Commander.
It should also be noted that Dr. James Moultrie was elected as Sovereign
Grand Inspector General who is also a member of St. Philip's Church and is
buried in the churchyard.
July 1: Dr. Dalcho was elected as the 66th member of the Medical
Society and opened a drug store facing the Bay, which he later moved to the
northeast corners of Church and Tradd Street and operated with his long time
friend Dr. Isaac Auld.
1802 Dr. Dalcho Volunteered to serve as attending physician of the
new Charleston Dispensary for a term of one year.
1803 January 10th - Dr. Dalcho help to established the "Charleston
Courier" newspaper with Aaron S. Willington and Edmund Morford.
Dr. Dalcho wrote and delivered an "Oration" entitled; An Oration Delivered In
The Sublime Grand Lodge Of South Carolina, In Charleston On the 21st of March,
A. L. 5807 I have before mentioned to you, that in the sublime degrees of a
mason, we are bound to be true and faithful to the government of the country in
which we live. Nay, more, we are sworn to discover to the lawful authority any
knowledge which we may posses of the establishment of a conspiracy against it.
1805 September 2nd, Dr. Dalcho was elected to the standing
committee to establish a Botanic Garden located at the northwest corner of
Meeting and Columbus Streets. The Medical Society placed the following article
in the locale newspaper announcing the opening of the Botanic Garden, in part it
reads; "Innumerable are the advantages which will result from this
establishment. It will induce in young persons, a taste for the studies of
Nature. "The structure of a feather or flower is more likely to impress their
minds with a just notion of infinite power and wisdom, than the most profound
discourses on such abstract subjects, as are beyond the limits of their capacity
to comprehend. Botany is a branch of natural history that possesses many
advantages; it contributes to health of body, and cheerfulness of disposition,
by presenting an inducement to take air and exercise----it is adapted to the
simplest capacity, which renders it attainable to every rank in life."
Reference: Charleston Courier Date: August 8, 1805
1805 December 24th- Dr. Dalcho delivered the "Oration" before the
Medical Society of South Carolina, at the Anniversary Meeting of which he was
the Secretary. In his opening statement he commented that; "Agreeable to the
rules of our society, it is the duty of our president to nominate a member "to
prepare and record, at each Anniversary, a review of the weather and diseases of
the current year, together with such medical observations as may appear to him
to be useful, and connected with the objects of the institution." He has done me
the Honor to nominate me for the present Anniversary. I could have wished his
choice to have fallen upon some person more worthy of this distinguished honor;
upon one, whose capacious mind, illumined by the rays of science, could have
rendered his subject more worthy of your attention; who could have recorded the
medical occurrences of the passing year, in language suited to the dignity of
his theme. Little accustomed to write upon medical subjects, I have only been
induced to acquiesce in the nomination, by my sincere desire to contribute every
talent which I posses, to the service of our society, and to the advancement of
our profession. Before an audience so imposing I should stand abashed, did I not
feel conscious of receiving your candid indulgence."
December 25: Dr. Dalcho and Miss Mary Elizabeth Threadcraft were
married by Dr. Edward Jenkins at St. Philip's Church. They were childless
throughout their marriage.
1806 January 10: Dr. Dalcho became co-editor of the
Charleston Courier, a vigorous Federalist paper, then in its fourth year of
1807 Dr. Dalcho published the "Ahiman Rezon or a
book of Constitutions" at the request of the Grand Lodge of Ancient York Masons
for the state of South Carolina. With the help of Dr. Dalcho the Grand Lodge of
Free and Accepted Masons and that of Ancient York Masons of South Carolina
united under the name of "The Grand Lodge of Ancient Freemasons of South
Carolina" which continues to exist to the present time.
1807 John Fowler was directed by the Original Chapter of Prince
Masons of Ireland to write Dr. Frederick Dalcho and ask his permission to
reprint his orations from 1801, 1803, and 1807. Dr. Dalcho replied on February
25, 1808, expressing his gratification at the request and readily acceding to
1808 Dr. Dalcho was elected "Corresponding Grand Secretary of the
Grand Lodge of Ancient York Masons, and from that time directed the influences
of his high position to the reconciliation of the Masonic difficulties in South
1809 December 21: Dr. Dalcho sent the
following letter to John Fowler who lived in Ireland at the time. At this time
it seems that John Fowler wanted Dr. Dalcho to visit Ireland with the intent of
establishing a Sovereign Grand Council of Inspectors General of the Thirty-third
Degree for Ireland, to which Brother Dalcho kindly promised to accede, however
because President Jefferson had stopped all trade with Europe as well as with
Great Britain at this time Brother Dalcho was unable to assist in the creation
of a Supreme Council for Ireland.
1812 November 22, Dr. Frederick Dalcho mother dies at the age of
81, both of Dalcho's parents are buried at the German Evangelical Church of St.
1813 Dr. Dalcho resigned as co-editor of the Charleston Courier and
as a member of the Medical Society of South Carolina, which the Medical Society
refused and made him an honorary member for life.
Dr. Frederick Dalcho accepted the call of the vestry of St. Paul's, Stono, to
officiate as Lay Reader without any compensation, as he was not yet ordained."
He began his service, which was to last only for the winter and spring season.
It should also be stated that Dr. Frederick Dalcho was the first rector of this
church since 1784.
1814 Rev. Dalcho kept St. Philip's Church open after the death of
Rev. James Dewar Simons for the summer. Written in the minutes of St. Philip's
Church records is the following report; Special meeting of the Vestry of St.
Philip's, Friday 27th May 1814. The Rev. James Dewar Simons, Rector of this
Church, having departed this life, between the hours of nine and ten o'clock
this morning, the Vestry was called upon the Solemn and awful occasion. Resolved
Unanimously, that in consideration of the long, able and eminent services of
their much beloved and greatly lamented Rector and Divine, and in testimony as
well as sincere veneration and affection to his Person while living, as with
deep and unfeigned sorrow and regret which is felt on the mournful event, the
following honors be paid to his Memory.
The pulpit, the reading desk, the communion table and organ gallery to be
hung with "Black Broad Cloth." The vestry of St. Michael's is requested to have
the Bells of that church tolled muffled during the funeral procession.
That the Rev. Dalcho be requested to read the funeral service and the Rev.
Doctor Percy to deliver a funeral oration on the melancholy occasion.
1817 Dr. Dalcho resigned from St. Paul's Stono Church and on
February 2, became assistant minister at St. Paul's Radcliffeborough located in
Charleston, South Carolina.
Dr. Dalcho publishes a book on the theological works titled; A Letter On
Public Baptism As Established By "The Protestant Episcopal Church in the United
States of America This work was produced after some parish members asked Dr.
Dalcho to perform a private Baptism in their home for their children. Due
to the rules and regulations of the church he could not honor this request that
was asked of him. At the end of his letter Dr. Dalcho made the following
statement in hopes that the individuals would understand why he had to turn down
their request; From this exposition of the Rubrics of the Church, and of the
duties of the Clergy, I flatter myself, my Dear Sir, you will be satisfied that
I have acted from a sense of duty in refusing to comply with your request. And I
trust you will do me the justice to believe, that no other motive could have
influenced me in the discharge of the Sacred Office, or have induced me to
oppose the wishes of my friends. I am, Dear Sir, Yours, &c.
Rev. Dalcho undertook the task of completing and editing the register of the
Church at St. Paul's Radcliffeborough located at Charleston, South Carolina.
February 23: Dr. Dalcho was retained as an assistant minister for St.
Michael's Church and on October 8th Rev. Dalcho was elected Assistant minister
of St. Michael's Church for one year at a salary of $1,000.00.
1820 August Dr. Dalcho published another story, Evidences Of the
Divinity of Jesus Christ; With The Testimony Of Christian and Heathen Writers,
That He was Called GOD, And Worshipped as GOD, In the First Three Centuries
Dr. Dalcho had his chief work published," An Historical Account of the
Protestant Episcopal Church in South Carolina. It took Dr. Dalcho two years to
write his book.
The book covered the first settlement in the province, to The War of the
Revolution; with notices of the Present State of the Church in each parish; and
some account of the early civil history of Carolina, never before published.
To which are added; the laws relating to religious worship; the Journals and
rules of the Convention of South Carolina; the Constitution and Canons of the
Protestant Episcopal Church, and an index with a list of subscribers.
1822 Dr. Frederick Dalcho published his second
edition of the "Ahiman Rezon." In the opening page of his second edition Dalcho
wrote the following; "Freemasonry comprehends within its circle every branch of
useful knowledge and learning, and stamps an indelible mark of pre- eminence on
its genuine professors, which neither chance, power, nor fortune can bestow.
When its rules, are strictly observed, it is a sure foundation of tranquillity,
amidst the various disappointments of life. It is a friend that will not
deceive, but will comfort and assist us in prosperity and adversity. It is
a blessing that will remain with all times, circumstances, and places, and to
which recourse may be had, when other earthly comforts sink into disregard."
1823 Dr. Dalcho became involved in an unpleasant controversy with
some of his Masonic associates, in consequence of difficulties and dissentions,
which at that time, existed in the Ancient Rite his feelings were so wounded by
the unmasonic spirit which seemed to actuate his antagonists and former friends
that Dr. Dalcho resigned the Office of Grand Chaplain of the Grand Lodge, and
Grand Commander of the Supreme Council, and retired for the remainder of his
life from all participation in the active duties of Masonry. At the end of
the year Dr. Dalcho withdrew his membership from the Grand Lodge which marked
the end of his Masonic career. In Dr. Dalcho's resignation letter to the Grand
Lodge he states in part the following; "Every friend of the Masonic institution,
as well as every member, of our Order, must have felt, not only deeply
interested, but greatly grieved, at the unhappy difference which, for a few
weeks, has existed in the Grand Lodge. As an old Mason, and particularly as a
religious man, I confess that it produced in my mind the most painful
sensations. Believing, as I conscientiously do, that genuine freemasonry is a
powerful auxiliary to the religion I profess, I cannot but be solicitous to see
it practiced in its native purity and truth. That charity which covert a
multitude of sins; and that Brotherly-love, which makes the friend of his
species, are fundamental principles of both. And where these principles
are permitted to govern our feelings and our conduct, whether in the domestic
and social circle, in the Lodges of the Fraternity, or the community in which we
live, there peace and happiness, the types of celestial enjoyment, must
1824 Dr. Dalcho established "The Charleston Gospel Messenger and
Protestant Episcopal Register" a monthly journal of the church's activities. The
first volumes of it contain many highly interesting and some well elaborated and
learned essays from his pen.
1826 May 16: Dr. Dalcho published another address, An Address
Delivered in St. Michael's Church Charleston Protestant Episcopal Sunday School
Society, At Their Seventh Anniversary May 16 Being the Tuesday in Whitsun Week
1826 Evening prayer was read by the Rev. Dr. Gadsen, Rector of St. Philip's
Church, and an Address, adapted to the occasion, was delivered by the Rev. Dr.
Dalcho, Assistant Minister of St. Michael's Church. Upwards of 800 Children were
After Service, the members of the Society met to receive the Report of the
Managers, to elect Officers, &c.
On motion of Mr. Thayer, the thanks of the Society were returned to Dr.
Dalcho for his appropriate Address, and a copy therefore requested for
1827 Dr. Dalcho delivered a sermon before the Grand Lodge of
Ancient Freemasons of South Carolina at St. Michael's Church located in
Charleston, South Carolina. Again, as in 1807 a decade earlier, his text was
John 12:36. Dalcho remarked: "May the light of the everlasting Gospel burn
in your hearts with a pure and steady flame, guiding your footsteps unto all
righteousness, and directing your conduct in every scene and condition of life."
Free-Masonry, like the Religion of the Redeemer, is eminently Calculated to
dispense "peace on earth, and good will towards men." Let me then, earnestly
beseech you, in the name of your Savior, to endeavor, by a life of piety and
devotion to flee from the wrath to come, that you walk before him as becomes
your Christian calling; that you fulfil the Royal law according to the
Scriptures to love your neighbor as yourself; and finally that you afford to the
world a bright example of piety and faith, by walking in all the commandments
and ordinances of the Lord blameless, for so is the will of God, that with
well-doing ye may put to silence the ignorance of foolish men.
1836 November 24: Dr. Frederick Dalcho passed away at his
resident which was located at 54 Meeting Street. His physician was Dr. Campbell
and he listed his death as "Paralysis."
Dr. Dalcho's wife Mary passed away 16 years later in December, 1852 at the
age of 66 years. Her resting-place is in an unmarked grave next to Dr.
Dalcho's at St. Michael's church.
Printed in the Charleston News and Courier; The Clergy of the Episcopal
Church and of other denominations; the Members of St. Michael's congregation,
and of the other congregations of the Episcopal Church in this city, and the
Friends and Acquaintances are invited to attend the Funeral of the late Rev. Dr.
DALCHO, from his house in Meeting street, This Afternoon, at 4 O'clock
November 25: Reference: The Charleston News and Courier Dated : Friday
Morning Nov. 25, 1836 Rev. Dr. Dalcho's life of great industry was now over.
His remains were laid to rest in St. Michael's Church Cemetery on the south
side. The vestry defrayed the expenses of his mahogany coffin and
interment in the churchyard, and caused a memorial tablet to be erected to him.
This tablet was to have been placed inside the church, but because of a certain
animosity towards the Masons at the time, it was erected outside against the
south wall. In 1847, and again in 1852, the suggestion was made that it
should be brought inside the building. Action was taken on neither occasion.
Not until many years later was Dr. Dalcho's tablet brought inside the church
which he loved and served for seventeen years.
The Church, showing their due respect for their late Assistant Minister was
draped in black merino. The Masonic Grand Lodge was ordered to be clothed
in mourning, for the space of six weeks" at its Quarterly Communication on the
16th of December.
1857 December 10, Dr. Joseph Johnson, M.D. (a member of St.
Philip's Church) provides us with a first hand description of Dr. Frederick
Dalcho from one that knew him personally and as a Mason. "Dr. Dalcho was
about five and a half feet in height, muscular and well proportioned.
Having been accidentally wounded in his lungs, he became occasionally asthmatic,
and his voice, naturally pleasant, was thus sometimes oppressed. His
features were well marked, denoting a vigorous and well-cultivated intellect, as
well as a thoughtful and earnest spirit. His kind, amiable and genial
disposition, his fine social qualities, his extensive information and liberal
principles made him a great and general favorite in the community.
Dr. Dalcho posed a spiritual quality throughout his life. Ordained to
the ministry after a varied career and displayed throughout his life a
gentleness and goodness of nature which would have put to shame more prominent
Although Rev. Frederick Dalcho passed away on November 24, 1836, the lives he
touched through his addresses, sermons, and the other writings he left behind
will continue to inspire others for generations to come.
We would like to leave you with this one last passage written by Rev. Dalcho
in December 1805 for the Medical Society Oration he delivered for that year.
To me this is what Rev. Dalcho had intended to accomplish throughout his life.
"Let us, gentleman, cheerful and resolutely determine to make our society as
useful as it is respectable, to make it the school of instruction, and the
deposit of important information for our posterity. The ardent pursuit of
scientific information, which it adds respectability and honor to a country, is
of incalculable depth; an inexhaustible source of usefulness and profit.
The human mind, vast and capacious in its resources, is bounded by no limits,
but the GREAT FIRST CAUSE, and yields to no impediments, but the disorganization
of matter. The hearts expands with virtue and benevolence, as the mind
extends its information. The riches of the ancients become our property,
and the labors of the learned, become our amusement. Compared to the
learned, of the present day, the ancients were but the pupils of science; and
we, in turn, will have to yield the palm of knowledge to those who will succeed
us, and who, probably, will look back upon us, but as the removers of literary
rubbish, or the pliers up of disjointed facts." (Oration before the
Medical Society by Dr. Frederick Dalcho on December 24th, 1805).